African Bush Mango

Rvingia gabonensis is a species of African trees in the genus Irvingia, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush mango, dika, odika, modika, Òro, andok or ogbono. They bear edible mango-like fruits, and are especially valued for their fat- and protein-rich nuts.



  • The seed and fruit are edible, “Dika nut”, mashed kernels are used to make “bread”, “butter” (similar to cocoa butter), and “Gaboon chocolate”.
  • In Eastern Nigeria, the leaves are boiled in water and taken as a tea for the treatment of intestinal worm infestation in humans in rural areas.
  • The bark of the tree contains important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory ingredients which could be of use in treating various neurodegenerative diseases.
  • Some reports mention that the African mango seed kernel and certain products made from it could be a potential alternative herbal option for weight loss and Type 2 Diabetes.
  • To treat spleen infections, the leaves of the tree are combined with the stem bark of other plants and boiled in water and taken as a tea.
  • A clinical trial mentioned that African mango extract ( IGOB131) showed favorable effects on body weight and possessed low toxicity.
  • Only a few clinical trials exist to recommend this plant for weight loss.
  • Adulteration or improper processing techniques for certain commercially available dietary supplements may result in toxicity to various organs.
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